The UN body estimates every year, trans fat intake leads to the deaths from cardiovascular disease of more than 500,000 people around the world.
The WHO on Tuesday released REPLACE, a step-by-step guide for the elimination of industrially produced trans-fatty acids from the global food supply. Manufacturers have used them to give their products a longer shelf life than other fats.
Trans fats produced by industrial means were first introduced into the United States food supply in the 1950's and has resulted in an epidemic of heart disease. They are often present in frying oils, fried snacks, margarine and shortening since trans fat-based oils have a longer shelf life (don't worry, Canada has almost phased them out entirely in those products).
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Endevelt said trans fats may still be found here in pastries and other baked goods in small bakeries or in popcorn. "While we can not estimate a percentage of products on store shelves that will be free of PHOs on June 19, 2018, we are confident that over the past three years, manufacturers have taken appropriate steps to reformulate products if and as necessary", an FDA spokesperson told Newsweek.
The agency made the announcement on Monday, May 14, as they launched an initiative called REPLACE that will be the goal for all countries looking to get rid of artificial trans fats from their food supply, as CNN reported.
Replacing trans fats with unsaturated fatty acids decreases the risk of heart disease, in part, by ameliorating the negative effects of trans fats on blood lipids.
As per sources, numerous developed nations have already removed trans-fats from the food supply, imposing legal restrictions on packaged food.
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There are two main sources for trans fats: natural sources (in the dairy products and meat of ruminants, such as cows and sheep); and industrially produced sources (partially hydrogenated oils).
According to the World Health Organization, action is needed in low and middle income countries, particularly in South Asia and Africa where controls of use of industrially-produced trans-fats are often weaker, to ensure that the benefits are felt equally around the world.
Dr. Tom Frieden, CEO of Resolve to Save Lives, has declared that NY has become the first state in the USA that has followed the footsteps of Denmark by eliminating trans-fats a decade ago. This is because they're used in partially-hydrogenated oils, which were first used as a butter replacement and then later as a replacement for foods containing saturated fatty acids.
They have been known to raise levels of cholesterol and increase risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
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